A short description on creating eagle pcb gerber files from Eagle PCB for the processing of your PCB.
1. Design the PCB, obviously… Run both ERC and DRC with parameters as defined by your manufacturer.
2. Create the drill rack using ‘File’ -> ‘run’ -> ‘drillcfg.ulp’. Select ‘mm’ for the dimensions and click OK.
3. Create the Excellon drill data files. Open the ‘CAM processor’
window and select the Excellon job. Click the ‘process job’ button.
4. Open the ‘gerb274X.cam’ job in the ‘CAM processor’. Verify that the
correct layers are selected for output. The ‘mirror’
option should be deselected on all layers! Click ‘process job’.
5. Verify the generated files using a gerber file viewer, e.g. .gerbi. The output formats are
Control Panel (Control Panel)
Now let’s add a new element. ADD command in the form of search by entering 555 * do it. Select an item and press OK. To change the direction of placing the element you need to click the right mouse button.
ADD command by pressing ESC when the library is active again, you can add elements to view and faster. Element is connected to the other elements we have added them to add you will ask whether you want. Of voltage source and grounding leg (pin) connections will not be marked in the diagram, but printed
circuit are marked.
Each of the integrated power supply connected to the leg number is different. For example, the 16-legged CMOS integrated tip usually 16 + VDD leg, GND terminal 8 is leg. Or 14-legged in a TTL integrated tip usually 14 + VCC the GND pin 7 is leg. The legs connect to the power supply shown on the diagram to invoke the command we use.
From the toolbar or by typing in the command line invoke by clicking the icon you can use.
Belong to a few pre-integrated NOR gate 4001 will add you. Click on Run command invoke element. Double-click on the window that opens PWRN’yi integrated the supply connection is done.
Normally get in an integrated 4 doors gates A, B, C, D in the form of order is added.
But we want to use the A and C gates. A door that when you invoke the command is active by clicking the drop-down window, select the C gates can do.
In this section we will learn how to do the drawings of roads and connectivity. First, let’s open a blank window, drawing a diagram.
Ready Frame Insertion Project
Eagle can also use the framework of the project is ready. ADD command, run the search (search) window frame or press the arrow written letter. You select the appropriate one from the frame and into the drawing area. As an example letter to search, LETTER_P and LETTER_L will frame two. LETTER_P vertical frame, the horizontal frame LETTER_L creates. Frames are kind of search, the more detailed framework. Outside the framework of the screen to see the overflowing you can press Alt + F2.
You can write text using the text command frames, number of pages, features such as file creation date and time you can add or yourself, you can also create an appropriate framework. They had the details of the description TEXT section.
Scheme Introduction to Drawing
Ready eagle in the schema / examples / tutorial with the key under the grid demo1.sch file açalım.F6 can open and close.
Transferring information about the schema: the schema information from the File / Export menu, is made. Click the Export button when the option gives us. These elements Partlist list, a list of links to Netlist, Pinlist elements of which leg to save the file in detail the benefits of where the connection. Image to save the image for the benefit of the circuit.
Offered to change the location of elements in the file we use the MOVE command. MOVE command, click on the element is active by moving to where you want you can leave. . With the right mouse button can rotate the element.
NET command elements to the benefit of connecting the legs. NET command line by typing or by clicking the icon from the toolbar, you can run. Electrical connections between components are used to draw. You can see the legs of the element with the command DISPLAY PIN.
Used in the project elements to change their names. The command line by typing NAME Click on the icon from the toolbar or you can run. Command-click with the mouse over the element is active and can change the name of the element from the window.
Our project to facilitate monitoring of the electrical path or connection is used to define the label. The command line by typing or LABEL run by clicking the icon from the toolbar. LABEL command path or connection is active by clicking on the text can be moved to the desired location. Thus, you can more easily find ways in complex circuits. LABEL command of the text of the size, type, and CHANGE FONT SIZE CHANGE can change.
Utility to delete elements. DELETE command line by typing or by clicking the icon from the toolbar, you can run. Command you want to delete the element is active click on it. If you want to delete elements in bulk into the cluster, we can delete the GROUP command. GROUP command in detail in the future will be discussed.
Elements into clusters and is used to collectively take action (delete, copy, etc.). The command line or typing GROUP run by clicking the icon from the toolbar. Elements are active, they took into the command you want to apply the cluster command-click (for example, MOVE command). Command you want to apply to cluster components is different from normal with the right mouse button works.
Cable connections between elements drawn to each other over. Sometimes two or more lines intersect at the point of intersection, and a link ve8 question can be specified with this command will bubağlantıları. Typing the command line or from the toolbar JUNCTION simgesinetıklayarak run. Command-click with the mouse to where you want when activated.
This command us to find the location of elements or a single or even multiple connections to represent (bus) in conjunction with the drawings where a link indicates that end. The command line by typing SHOW by clicking on the icon from the toolbar or you can run. SHOW command prints the name of the element is active in the command line, we will show that element. The port path name of the author or we will show that all the points connected to the road.
This command and direction of elements to change their location. The command line by typing or MOVE run by clicking the icon from the toolbar. Click on the element you want the command is active and where you want to leave. Elements need to click to move the center. Lines to move the line instead of the closest enough to click. Element or right mouse button click on selected line elements in the direction of change.
Normally when we want to move the addition of an element with the name and label are moved. SMASH command name and label text allows us to move separately. The command line by typing or SMASH run by clicking the icon from the toolbar. SMASH command you want to take active, they click on the text. Then, taking the text of the MOVE command, regardless of where you want you can move elements. You can change the size of the text with the TEXT command.
VALUE command elements for us us to change the benefits. The command line by typing or VALUE can run by clicking the icon from the toolbar. Click on the VALUE command is active element from the element’s value can change the window.
Belonging to any component of the circuit (circuit elements, ports, etc.). To obtain information about the benefits. The command line by typing INFO Click on the icon from the toolbar or you can run. Click where you want the command is active.
Elements are used to copy. COPY command line by typing or by clicking the icon from the toolbar, you can run
To paste the copied elements are used. The command line by typing or PASTE from the toolbar icon you can run by clicking
The location of the elements deleted from the clipboard to paste it is used. Command line or by writing to the CUT by clicking the icon from the toolbar, you can run
Elements are used to take the opposite view. Or by typing in the command line MIRROR run by clicking the icon from the toolbar. Komut aktifken istediğiniz yere tıklayın. In addition, when using the MOVE command
Elements are used to change direction. The command line by typing or ROTATE run by clicking the icon from the toolbar. Click where you want the command is active.
Electrical Error Control (Electrical Rule Checking-ERC)
Mistakes we’ve made in the project of positive and negative electrical connections of the supply connection control whether warnings creates a list. Command line or by writing to the ERC by clicking the icon from the toolbar, you can run. ERC opened in notepad to us when we run the errors and warnings are given and run it saves the current directory.
Transfer to the Printed Circuit Diagram Drawing
To transfer the project to make printed circuit clicking on the icon in the top toolbar’ll. As we do circuit printed circuit (Layout editor) will be transferred.
Units in the form of an integrated sequence (A0, A1, A2, .. An) clusters in the shape of legs and the other integrated into tekbir line connected to a single leg of the same type of line we use the command bus. This created a single integrated memory in the address line connections (A0, A1, A2, .. An) or data connections (D0, D91, D2, …, Dn) can give examples.
Command line or by writing to the BUS run by clicking the icon from the toolbar. BUS connection process consists of two parts. Before going to integrate the appropriate bus lines are drawn (address bus lines, data bus lines, etc.).
Back / Forward-taking, the circuit to fit the screen display, or very often we use allows us to assign key commands. The command line by typing the function keys and use the assign command can view and they can change.
Back Control and Related Automatic Drawing
Eagle a new scheme drawing (*. sch) opens the same directory as if we belong to the same project in the printed circuit drawing file (*. brd) also opens. Changes made on the same printed circuit diagram drawing drawing automatically be transferred. A schematic drawing of the printed circuit that is drawing work as a whole. Belong to the same project and printed circuit diagram of the drawing file names are the same but different extensions (bus.brd, bus.sch). If not the only one that is open relations. In this case, the mismatch between the files will be a new opening.
This section (using Layut Editor) a small printed circuit board (PCB) design to create a ready made or we will learn how to change a circuit. This section for users, especially non-schematic unit is more important.
Determining PCB Figure
First, the printed circuit board to determine the outline of the WIRE command, let’s enter. As the layers from the above parameters and the card 20Dimension Let us choose the contour of the hems. We started yerde must finish. MOVE command can change the location of the outline.
Want by using the ADD command, let us add elements. Elements menu, you can not find the program? Library / Use the library to install the components by clicking iste10diğimiz can use the element. Additional members can change the names of the NAME command. VALUE command can change the values. If the connection between the card through the copper elements sent (usually in a single-sided printed circuit board) but we want to do the bypass through the cable to SIGNAL command can do it.
On the toolbar icon is shaped. Bu yolları istersek Autorouter ile de otomatik olarak düzenleyebiliriz. DELETE command can delete elements.
Determining Path Type
Eagle also belong to a road width of the copper (width), the distance between the two paths (Clearance) For example, copper from the power supply to be resistant to flow of the roads must be thick. CLASS I’ll do with the command. But we add the width of the card on the road time appears. For the way we circumvented the cable and width settings can be made so.
Transfer to the Printed Circuit Diagram Drawing
As an example bus.sch file. We have made in drawing the circuit diagram to transfer to the printed circuit
need to click the icon. Circuit printed circuit opens and the editors are not arranged in the same directory as the bus brd created. MOVE command and staff position of the outline of the card by changing the placement you wanted to do. Run the command or toolbar RASTNEST If you click on the icon in the status bar shows you how many links that are displayed.
Automatic Printed Circuit Board Drawing
Transferred to the printed circuit editor, but let’s not regulated automatically organizes our circuit.
Let’s open the window by clicking the icon in the drawing automatically. The circuit layers showing us the single storey portion yapÄ Bottom for 16 N / A, or bring. Thus, our circuit will be set to single storey. If you click on the OK button of the circuit is trying to turn you’ll see. This circuit and the confusion according to the speed of your computer takes time. Circuit perfectly organized, but will not save you from a lot of work will be troubled.
If it takes longer to stop (stop) you can click the icon. Circuit elements at a location different from the results will change and just did not do so now. This size of the roads, the distance between two paths, the element will have an effect of factors such as congestion.
Be done by way of copper user (Manual)
If you do not like the way the copper AUTOROUTER command RIPUP delete command. ROUTE command manually with the way you can. On the toolbar icon is shaped. Cable connection between active elements of the command when the road conversion work can start by clicking the copper. While drawing from the toolbar copper path parameter type, size, design features, like the layers as in the WIRE command also can set.
Configuration and layout may change the way copper way. The command line by typing or SPLIT run by clicking the icon from the toolbar. Commands as you want by clicking on the active path, while copper edit.
Diagram drawing as in the printed circuit drawing showing the layers and to remove the DISPLAY, the element to move MOVE, elements to clusters GROUP, features CHANGE to change, the element to display SHOW, copper path to remove RIPUP, copper path to create a ROUTE, the locations of elements to show SHOW,
Let Demo2.brd open the file. To avoid confusion in the circuit with the command DISPLAY only 1 Top, 17 Pads, Vias 18, and 20 Dimension remove layers let us let the other layers. (Condition-1) Let’s remove the signal RIPUP GND GND with the command. Click on the icon from the toolbar and press enter on the command line write and let GND. You can set the limits of the circuit as desired. Start where you finish with a double click. (Condition-2) Then click on the icon in the command line, type or RASTNEST (Status-3).
Design Type Selection (Design Rule Check)
When designing the shape of the circuit elements, such as the length of the leg between the different characteristics of different types of companies to transfer the design we need to make specific arrangements. To make these arrangements, we write DRC command, or we’ll click on the icon, a dialog window like the following picture appears.
DRC Dialog Window
After making the settings by clicking the OK button we will transfer to the card design. If the error (size of pads, rivets of size, thickness of copper, such as roads) have shown for us the fix.
Be soldered to printed circuit symbols to be created in part (pad) to create the parameter as follows: we select the icon bar appears. Pad in shape, diameter (diameter), the width of the hole (drill) is used to adjust. Let’s add two pad in the desired range.
Part of the card to be placed on the bottom layer as the Select 1 Top layer. MIRROR command is transferred to the elements on the back of the card. Thus, t.. (Top) layer of the b.. (bottom) layer is moved. Let’s add one 2 SMD pad.